The Role of Parenting in Early Childhood Education
Children who are aged between 0 and 5 are still forming synaptic networks in the brain. During this time, children are particularly receptive to human contact. When positively stimulated in this period by their parents, kids tend to perform better than their peers. Research has shown that kids with a positive home learning environment are more likely to complete their schooling, are less likely to become involved with crime and are more likely to lead healthier lives than those without.
Early learning complemented by extensive support at home has been shown to prepare kids better for primary school. As early childhood education becomes more affordable and available to parents, a higher standard of pre-school development is attained and kids are better prepared for school. However, parents still have an essential role to play to ensure early childhood development continues properly for their children. This is because how parents engage with their kids and push them to achieve academically, socially and emotionally plays a large impact on who their kids become.
Sociocultural research into the role of parents with respsect to full day childminding services has shown that parents need to offer responsive and sensitive support. These can otherwise be referred to as cognitive and emotional support.
Parents need to be responsive to their children’s needs. They need to provide diverse verbal dialogue with their children and facilitate development of coping mechanisms. Parents should maintain and grow a child’s interests. By doing this, parents provide the range of support needed for multiple aspects of a child’s learning.
Responsive parenting teaches children to foster coping mechanisms for times of stress and novelty. Taught cognitive responses to periods of trouble or elation can make a huge impact on children’s confidence later in life. Also, by providing new stimulation for kids, parents open up opportunities to develop problem solving abilities and sustain cognitive development.
Sensitive support must also be provided to advance a child’s emotional development. Acceptance of a child’s interests with responses that are prompt and aligned with what the child is communicating supports learning. With repeated positive experiences, the child learns to trust the parent. Trust once learnt can be applied to other relationships with teachers and peers the child develops during the completion of their education.
Sensitive support learning promotes a child’s sustained engagement in learning exercises. Motivational psychology should be used to sustain engagement. Parental behaviour in this regard communicates interest and acceptance. These foster self regulation and cooperation, which are both very valuable skills later in life.
Parents in a home environment need to match their behaviours to their children to show support and demonstrate solidarity. They should factor in children’s personal beliefs in all areas of dialogue to ensure kids have a voice at preschool. Social support must be given so that children feel accepted by their peer group. Home outcomes and school outcomes should be consistent: children should feel valued, appreciated and heard. They should be safe and secure and look forward to a bright future.
From a sociocultural perspective, responsive behaviours are seen to develop higher levels of thinking. Sensitive behaviours, on the other hand teach children to assume responsibility. Both of these in tandem are qualities that comprise an effective parental strategy which supports early childhood development.
Star Academy Kids Belfield is still taking enrolments for the school holidays, so call us today on (02) 9417 5701 for a chat about your kids preschool needs. If you have any questions about our school, curriculum or dialogue with parents, feel free to ask our friendly team when you call. We are available Monday to Friday, 7:30am-6:30pm and eagerly look forward to receiving your call.